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English Essay on Flood in 600 Words causes of flood, prevent flood and Damage caused by flood

Introduction:- Flood is a natural disaster. The problem that arises due to excessive rain and water is called flood. Due to the increase in the water of the river, it engulfs the areas around it. Because of which many types of economic and living problems arise. There is no arrangement for the drainage of water and the land is not able to absorb the water, due to which the problem of flood arises. Many types of problems arise due to flood. Floods cause diseases, traffic, crop damage and many other types of economic losses. Due to floods, we suffer maximum loss of life and property. There is a lot of crop damage due to floods. We have to face many kinds of problems due to flood.

Following are the causes of flood:-

  1. Excessive rainfall: Due to excessive rainfall, the problem of flood arises.
  2. Cloudburst:- Cloudburst is also the cause of flood. The problem of flood arises due to cloudburst.
  3. Excessive melting of glaciers: – Due to excessive pollution, glaciers melt, due to which the problem of flood arises due to increase in the amount of water.
  4. Increase in the water level of the rivers :- Due to the increase in the water level of the rivers, the problem of flood arises.
  5. Due to the breaking of dams of rivers :- The dam should be made strong because the problem of flood arises due to breaking of the dam.

Measures to prevent flood :-

  1. There should be proper arrangement of drainage of water :- There should be proper arrangement of drainage of water because the problem of flood arises due to accumulation of water.
  2. Taking care of the dams of the rivers: – Maintenance of the dam should be done from time to time.
  3. Planting more and more trees: – Trees should be planted as much as possible because trees help in preventing soil erosion.
  4. Construction of high house at the place of flood :- Construction of high house should be done in flood affected areas.
  5. Providing information about flood :- By getting the right information about flood, people will become alert and people will reach the right place, due to which there is a possibility of damage.

Damage caused by flood: –

  1. Loss of traffic :- The effect of flood is maximum on traffic. The maximum impact on the means of transport is due to floods.
  2. Increase of diseases :- There is a high possibility of increasing the risk of diseases after the flood. There is a risk of disease due to water accumulation.
  3. Damage to life, property and crops: – The loss of life, property and crops is maximum due to floods. The wastage of the crop is maximum.
  4. Economic loss :- Economically there is loss of people. Economically people become weak due to flood.
  5. Spread of hunger :- There is a shortage of food and drink, due to floods, all the crops are ruined, due to which there is a possibility of spreading hunger.

Conclusion :- We should take proper steps to deal with the problem of flood. To stop the flood, we should stop the pollution. Because the problem of flood arises due to pollution. There should be arrangements for tree planting and drainage.

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